Migration is undoubtedly one of the most complex processes that we face on a social and individual scale. Generating roots in an environment that is not our own is a path that is full of ups, downs and difficulties. But generally the migratory processes come hand in hand with a desire to improve the quality of life, which includes aspects of security, education and economic evolution. More migrants and foreigners consider Nigeria as an interesting destination for the most diverse commercial initiatives. And in this sense, opting for Nigeria nationality by naturalization may be the best alternative for those who meet the requirements to access it.

Although it is not the only way, for those who can opt for it, it is the most expeditious. However, the business opportunities offered by Nigeria in areas such as finance, manufacturing, hotels, gastronomy or digital markets are outstanding. It is one of the most important centers of urban and economic movement on the African continent, which makes it a great traction power for small, medium and large investors. If you are considering the possibility of making this destination your next business stop, it is important that you take into account some basic aspects of the legal environment.

Is it possible to operate a business in Nigeria without having your nationality?

The Nigerian legal environment is quite open to investments. Any person, foreign or Nigerian national, has access to start their business in the country. The steps that must be followed for the legal constitution of a business are standardized and are always the same. What makes a difference is the prerequisite that must be met in order to access a possible business registration: being a legal resident.

No person who lacks legal residence in the country may carry out commercial actions in its territory. Complying with this fundamental requirement can be more or less simple depending on the country of origin. For example, if the person is a native of any country of the ECOWAS Union (cases that are identified under the name of community citizens), the legal residence process is quite simple. You will go through obtaining the NIMC and the registration certificate of the ECOWAS. After materializing these instances and obtaining legal residence, the step of commercial registration can be completed.

However, in the event that the person is not a citizen of the ECOWAS, in general it will be necessary for them to obtain a work visa, which regulates their immigration status and gives them the possibility of starting their commercial activities in the country.

Nigeria nationality, how to process it?


In addition to obtaining legal residence, there is another option that some people can access, and that facilitates and streamlines the process of starting your business in Nigeria. It is about obtaining Nigeria nationality. There are different ways to reach this condition. The nationality of origin, the nationality by residence, the nationality by letter of nature or the nationality by possession of the state are some of them. But on this occasion we want to refer to another type of procedure, which can be especially interesting for people seeking to settle in Nigeria for business reasons. This is Nigeria nationality by option.

Nigeria nationality by option, what does it consist of?



Let’s start by defining the concept. We call Nigeria nationality by naturalization, the process of acquiring Nigeria citizenship, as a result of having parents who have obtained it before, and by virtue of this, the children are also welcomed to be Nigeria citizens. The general rule under which this procedure operates is that the Nigeria father or mother can apply for Nigeria citizenship for their children under 18 years of age, which makes it possible to unify families and with it, the possibility of developing lifestyles in which professional, business, educational and social development is involved.

What are the requirements to apply for Nigeria nationality by option?


According to the statutes of the Immigration Law, the process of opting for this type of nationality involves obtaining the following requirements:

  • The official application form for Nigeria nationality by naturalization must be filled out. Depending on the ages of the children, the process will have different variants. If they are under 18 years of age, the procedure is requested by their legal representatives. If they are 18 years old and above and have no disability, they will request it themselves, assisted by their legal representative. If the children are older than 18 or emancipated, they carry out the process autonomously.

In addition to this, they will have to present the following documentation:

  • Data declaration form for birth registration in the Civil Registry.
    Literal birth certificate of the original and current applicant (valid for 6 months after application).
  • Original and current literal birth certificate (valid for 6 months after application) of the parent who has or has had Nigeria nationality, issued by the Nigeria Civil Registry.
  • Original and current literal birth certificate (valid for 6 months upon request) of the non-Nigeria parent, legalized and translated if not born in Nigeria
  • Identity document or Passport of the applicant
  • Identity document or Passport of both parents and, where appropriate, their Nigerian permit
  • Marriage certificate of the parents or Nigeria family book containing the details of the marriage (if the parents have a marriage bond).
  • Official form to request registration in the Consular Registration Registry.
  • Adoption sentence (In case of option for adoption).

This type of nationality is ideal for people with a family group, who seek to start a commercial and life project in Nigeria, in which a real evolution materializes. With alternatives like this, the process of migration and reintegration into a new social environment becomes much more friendly and productive.